John Francis Dodge was born in 1864 in Michigan and his brother Horace Elgin in 1868. Early on they both showed a great interest in mechanics. They first worked in Canada where they were able to rent an area within the company that hired them and started by manufacturing bicycles. In a time of booming auto industry they soon reoriented their activity, meeting success with their customers. They returned to the USA in 1901 where they met Henry Ford. Their cooperation, the Dodge brothers having bought shares of the Ford company, was the real start of their great industrial adventure.
The Dodge WC series was a range of light military trucks produced by Dodge during World War II. The series included 4×4 and 6×6, with or without winch, weapon carriers, telephone installation trucks, ambulances, reconnaissance vehicles, mobile workshops and command cars.
WC was a Dodge model code: W for 1941 and C for half-ton rating. The C code was retained for the ¾ ton and 1½ ton 6×6 Dodge. It was preceeded by the VC models. By a play of words, WC was also to mean Weapons Carrier.
The WC56 Truck, Command Reconnaissance, 3/4 ton, 4×4 without winch Dodge was a command and reconnaissance vehicle akin to a large Willys Jeep. It did not prove popular as it was heavier and not as maneuverable as the Jeep, and its distinctive profile made it a target. 21,156 were built.
The WC57 Truck, Command Reconnaissance, 3/4 ton, 4×4 with winch Dodge was identical to the WC56 but fitted with a Braden MU 25,000 lb / 2,268 kg capacity winch at the front bumper.
6,010 were built
Engine : Dodge T214, 6 cylinders in line, 230 cu in (3.8 liters), 92 hp ; side-valve engine.
Max speed : 53 miles/h (85 km/h)
Autonomy : 235 miles (380 km)
Consumption : 9.5 mpg (30 l/100 km)
Length: 13 ft 10 in / 4,22 m
Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,07 m
Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2,00 m
Weight: 5,335 lb / 2,420 kg
Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg