In July 1941, the US Ordnance Department launched a call for tenders regarding a 6 wheel armored car, able to replace the antique M6 Farco. Three companies competed : Ford, Chrysler and Studebaker. In april 1942, Ford T22 prototype won the tender, with performances very close to those of its nearest competitor. The 37 mm gun of the T22 was too weak to confront enemy tanks. It was designated as “M8 Light Armored Car” and served in field missions and support for the infantry. Big quality problems delayed the production which eventually started in 1943, ending in june 1945 with a total of 8 634 units produced. It should be noted that the French Army used them until the end of Indochina and Algeria wars.
There were four crew members on board, the driver and the radio in the front and two gunners in the turret. This vehicle was considered as an excellent reconnaissance machine, very fast, low noise, agile, it was the spearhead with the light tanks of US and French reconnaissance units.
|Weight||7.8 t (17,200 lb)|
|Length||16 ft 4.8 in (5.00 m)|
|Width||8 ft 3.6 in (2.53 m)|
|Height||7 ft 4.8 in (2.26 m)|
|One 37 mm gun M6|
|One .30 cal (7.62 mm) Browning M1919 machine gun
One .50 cal (12.7 mm) Browning M2HB machine gun
|Engine||Hercules JXD 6 cylinder gasoline side valve engine
110 hp (82 kW)
|Suspension||6×6 wheeled, leaf spring|
|200-400 miles on road
150-200 miles off road
|Speed||55 mph (89 km/h)|